This article has been generously shared with the Coach's Clipboard by Coach Joao da Costa (JC) who played professional basketball in Europe. He subsequently moved to the United States to expand his knowledge of the game and train to be a basketball coach, and now lives in Seattle, Washington. Coach JC started his coaching career in the United States and coached in the Seattle area before going on the road to develop his coaching techniques. Coach JC has participated in practices and observed the coaching techniques of some of the best NCAA Coaches in the country: Coach Mike Krzyzewski , Coach Roy Williams , Coach Eddie Sutton , Coach Hubie Brown , Coach Tom Newell , Coach Bob Bender ... just to name a few. Coach JC has been coaching in USA for several years, ABA, WBA, ProAm as well as internationally, and has conducted coaches clinics and basketball camps around the World. He has been a featured guest speaker on both the national and international level. You can visit Coach JC's web-site at http://www.jcbasketballhoops.com.
For illustrations of the defensive plays featured in this article, you can visit http://www.coachesclipboard.net/mobile/BasketballDefensePicknRoll.html for the image demonstrations of each.
Basketball Defense - Defending the Pick and Roll by Coach Joao da Costa
Defending the Pick and Roll
Always try to disrupt the offense. Pressuring the ball makes dribbling and passing more difficult, and increases the chances of an offensive mistake. To defend the pick and roll at the wing or centerfield, here are some tactics:
* Trap the dribbler and go over the screen. * Hard show and go over. * Pinch, squeeze, or push up and under or through. * Trap and aggressively switch the rescreen. * Show and go under. * Stop the dribbler and go over. * Jump out to stop the ball and go through. * Hug the screener and go under. * Jump and trap the dribbler early before the screen can be set. * Defend the roll man with a big-to-big rotation. Note: On the weak side make sure to cover the top, elbow, and box. * Switch pick and roll - you can always switch equal size players. * Short-clock situations - switch regardless of size.
I think the most difficult play to defend in all of basketball is the Pick and Roll. Here are some options to defend against the Pick and Roll.
High Pick And Roll (Quick Slip)
X5 zone up. X1 fights over the screen. 01 dribbles to the elbow for a shot or passes to 02 at wing. 05 rolls to the basket. Rotation: X5 helps and recovers then quickly picks up 05. Weakside players help and recover and stay with their individual opponents.
High Pick And Roll (Trap)
X1 and X5 trap 01. 01 reverses the ball to 05.
High Pick And Roll (Rotation)
05 reverse the ball to 01 and down screens for 03. X5 steps back and lets X3 go through the screen to assume a denial position against 03. X2 takes 02 at wing.
High Pick And Roll (Hug)
When 05 sets a screen for 01. X5 hugs 05 and allows X1 to cut behind him. The "HUG" is another option to help X1 get back quickly to 01.
High Pick And Roll (Step Back Get Through)
When 05 sets a screen for 01. X5 steps back and lets X1 to go through.
High Pick And Roll (Stop Penetration)
X1 fights over the screen. X4 zone up and stop 01 to go all the way to the basket. If 04 rolls to the basket X4 takes him. X5 stays with 05. X3 goes over the screen to deny the ball.
High Pick And Roll (Re-Screen)
Step 1 X1 goes over the screen. X5 hedges and recovers.
Step 2 X5 steps back. X1 goes under the screen.
Note: On the screen-rescreen the dribbler's defender goes over the first screen. On the rescreen he goes under. Typically the second screen is solid, so X5 zones up and plays centerfield to prevent 05 from rolling to the basket and/or stops 01 from shooting or penetrating. Also X5 can trap 01 with X1.
High Pick And Roll (Trap and Reverse Pass)
Step 1 X1 goes over the screen. X4 stops 01 at elbow.
Step 2 Rotation: 01 reverses the ball to 04. 04 is an excellent shooter. X4 rotates to 04 and contests the shot. X1 stays with 01 by denying the pass. Players X2 and X3 assume a pass denial against 02 and 03.
High Pick And Roll (Shooter and Trap)
Step 1 01 is a good shooter. X1 fights over the screen and traps 01 with X4. 04 rolls to the basket and X5 rotates to pick up 04. 05 pops out.
High Pick And Roll (Shooter and Rotation)
Step 2 01 passes to 05. X4 closes out against 05. X2 assumes a pass denial against 02.
High Pick And Roll (Transition Offense)
Step 1 Player 04 inbounds the ball to 01. 01 dribbles up the court and passes to 03 at wing then cuts to the ballside corner. 04 screens for 01.
Step 2 04 sets a pick for 01. X1 goes over the screen. 03 reverse pass to 01 at top of the key. Quickly, 05 comes out to ball screen for 01.
Note: 01 likes to penetrate to the basket.
Step 3 01 goes all the way to the basket. X1 fights over the screen. X5 follows 01 to the basket to block the shot. X2 helps and recovers to 02. X4 assumes a pass denial against 04.
High Pick And Roll (Transition Offense Top)
Step 1 05 inbounds the ball to 01. 01 advances up the court. 05 ball-screens for 01 at top of the key. X1 goes under the screen. X4 zones up.
High Pick And Roll (Transition Offense Ball Screen)
Step 2 01 reverses the ball to 05 at top of the key. 05 passes to 03 then ball screens 03 and rolls to the wing. 03 drives to the elbow for a shot. X5 closes-out against 03 to contest the shot. X3 takes 05.
High Pick And Roll (Last Seconds of the Game) X1 must go over the screen to prevent 01 from shooting or penetrating. X5 zones up to stop 01 and if 05 rolls to the basket X5 quickly takes 05. X2 and X3 stay with their opponents by denying the ball.
Note: When the clock is running out, you can switch regardless of size or trap.
Wing Pick And Roll (Dive) X1 goes over the screen. X5 hedge and recovers and rotates against 04. X4 takes 05.
Wing Pick And Roll (Slip Follow) 05 back-screens 01 and rolls to the basket. X5 takes 05. X1 goes over the screen. X2 shows and recovers against 01.
Wing Pick And Roll (Fade) 05 ball screens for 01 and fades toward the ballside wing. X1 goes over the screen. X5 hedge and recovers against 05.
Wing Pick And Roll (Switch)
Step 1 05 sets a solid screen against X1. 01 dribbles over the top. X5 switches with X1 and pushes 01 uphill.
Note: Communication is a must in this situation, X5 has to shout saying "Switch".
Step 2 X5 switches again by taking 05 and X1 back to 01.
Note: Make sure that X5 pushes 01 away from the three point line to switch with X1.
Wing Pick And Roll (Drive)
04 back screens X2 and rolls into the lane. X5 rotates to 04 and X4 stops 02 from going to the basket.
Wing Pick And Roll (Trap Corner)
05 back-screens for 01 and rolls to the basket. X4 rotates to 05. X3 takes 04. X2 drops to the middle of the box guarding 02 and 03. X1 and X5 trap 01 at corner.
Wing Pick And Roll (Pop Out)
05 back screens for 1 and pops out to the ballside wing. 01 passes to 05. X2 closes out to 05. X3 moves to the top of the key.
Wing Pick And Roll (Pass Release)
Rotation:X2 closes out on the pass release against 05. X5 takes 05. X3 closes out on 03. X4 fronts 04 at low post.
Wing Pick And Roll (Transition Offense Switch)
Step 1 04 sets a pick against X5. X4 switches with X5 and takes 05.
Step 2 X1 goes over the screen and pushes 01 up the hill. X4 takes 05. X5 takes 04 inside the box.
#PBA2016 Govs' Cup Roundup: August 24, 2016 - 3 hours ago
Meralco disposed of sister team NLEX and SMB survived Alaska sans an import two days ago in the 2016 PBA Governors' Cup. Game Capsules (adapted from Interaksyon): MERALCO BOLTS over NLEX ROAD WARRIORS, 101-95 The Meralco Bolts got a solid outing from import Allen Durham and a surprising boost from point guard Baser Amer late in the game as they hurdled sister team NLEX, 101-95, in the 2016 Oppo PBA Governors' Cup on Wednesday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum. Durham finished with 31 poin... [read more]
Meralco disposed of sister team NLEX and SMB survived Alaska sans an import two days ago in the 2016 PBA Governors' Cup.
Game Capsules (adapted from Interaksyon):
MERALCO BOLTS over NLEX ROAD WARRIORS, 101-95 The Meralco Bolts got a solid outing from import Allen Durham and a surprising boost from point guard Baser Amer late in the game as they hurdled sister team NLEX, 101-95, in the 2016 Oppo PBA Governors' Cup on Wednesday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum.
Durham finished with 31 points, 17 rebounds and five assists in another productive performance for Meralco, which improved to 5-3 for the conference after a second straight win.
Cliff Hodge added 17 points while four other Bolts - Jared Dillinger, Kelly Nabong, Chris Newsome and Bryan Faundo - all finished in double figures as well.
Amer, meanwhile, tallied seven points and seven assists. He started out 0-for-6 from the field before scoring seven straight points in the last minute and a half to help secure the win for the Bolts.
NLEX (3-4) was led by high-scoring import Henry Walker, who finished with 38 points and nine boards in a losing effort.
Lines of the Game: Allen Durham (MER) - 31pts, 17rebs, 5asts, 2 triples, 10/17 FGs. Henry Walker (NLX) - 38pts, 9rebs, 5asts, 2blks, 1stl, 8 triples, 14/26 FGs.
SAN MIGUEL BEERMEN over ALASKA ACES, 106-103 The San Miguel Beermen, playing without an import, leaned on two-time PBA MVP June Mar Fajardo to overcome the Alaska Aces, 106-103, and pick up a crucial win in the 2016 Oppo PBA Governors' Cup on Wednesday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum.
Fajardo scored 37 points - including 16 in a dominant fourth quarter - and grabbed 14 rebounds to pace San Miguel, which played without injured import Arizona Reid.
Alex Cabagnot added 17 points and made two big three-pointers in the endgame while Marcio Lassiter and Arwind Santos chipped in with 12 and 11 points, respectively.
San Miguel moved up to 5-2 while the struggling Aces dropped down to 2-5.
Alaska import LaDontae Henton had a huge game with 45 points and 15 rebounds but could not make a winning shot in the end.
Lines of the Game: June Mar Fajardo (SMB) - 37pts, 14rebs, 3asts, 3blks, 1stl, 12/17 FGs. LaDontae Henton (ALA) - 45pts, 15rebs, 1stl, 1ast, 2 triples, 19/39 FGs.
Sanen Neophoenix (B League) strengthened their roster with addition of 31-year old American forward Robert Dozier (206-102kg-85, college: Memphis). He played most recently at Alaska Aces in Filipino PBA league. Dozier managed to play in three leagues in two countries last year. In 15 PBA games he recorded very impressive stats: 19.9ppg, 11.3rpg, 2.1apg and 1.9bpg. He also played that season for Le Mans in ProA where in 10 games he averaged 11.5ppg, 8.2rpg, 1.3spg and 1.3bpg. Dozier also p... [read more]
Sanen Neophoenix (B League) strengthened their roster with addition of 31-year old American forward Robert Dozier (206-102kg-85, college: Memphis). He played most recently at Alaska Aces in Filipino PBA league. Dozier managed to play in three leagues in two countries last year. In 15 PBA games he recorded very impressive stats: 19.9ppg, 11.3rpg, 2.1apg and 1.9bpg. He also played that season for Le Mans in ProA where in 10 games he averaged 11.5ppg, 8.2rpg, 1.3spg and 1.3bpg. Dozier also played 7 games in Eurocup where he had 8.9ppg, 5.1rpg and 1.0spg. He also spent pre-season at PAOK Thessaloniki (A1) in Greek league that year. In 2009 Dozier was drafted by Miami Heat (NBA) in second round (60th overall). He attended University of Memphis and it will be his eighth season in pro basketball. Dozier received Asia-Basket.com All-PBA Commissioner's Cup 2nd Team award in 2016. He is quite experienced player. Thanks to Dozier's pro career he managed to play on three different continents (Europe, Asia and of course North America) in four different countries. Dozier has played previously professionally in Spain (Sevilla), France (Cholet Basket), Greece (Kolossos) and United Arab Emirates (Al Shabab). The scouts decsribe him following way:
(by Adam Ganeles for NBADraft.net in 2009)
Has terrific hands and reads passing angles well, notching a theft a game for his collegiate career ... Lateral quickness is excellent. Has shown the ability to guard smaller defenders and pressure ball handlers.
Often overpowered at the defensive end but made up for it with movement and quick leaping ability ... Finishes adequately at the offensive end, but must add strength.
Phelps number one in Philippines for round 6 - 4 days ago
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American Forward Eugene Phelps (198-F-90) had an amazing evening in the last round for Phoenix, receiving a Asia-basket.com Player of the Week award for round 6.
The 26-year old player had a double-double of 49 points and 18 rebounds, while his team Phoenix maintains the 8th position in Filipino PBA. Phoenix is rather a weak team placed in lower part in the standings. But it was their 4th lost game this season out of 6 games. In the team's last game Phelps had a remarkable 65.4% from 2-p... [read more]
American Forward Eugene Phelps (198-F-90) had an amazing evening in the last round for Phoenix, receiving a Asia-basket.com Player of the Week award for round 6. The 26-year old player had a double-double of 49 points and 18 rebounds, while his team Phoenix maintains the 8th position in Filipino PBA. Phoenix is rather a weak team placed in lower part in the standings. But it was their 4th lost game this season out of 6 games. In the team's last game Phelps had a remarkable 65.4% from 2-point range. He turned to be Phoenix's top player in his first season with the team. Eugene Phelps averages just after two games 37.5ppg, 18.5rpg and 4.5apg.
The second best player in last round's games was 28-year old American Justin Brownlee (197-F-88) of league's second-best Barangay Ginebra. Brownlee had a very good evening with a double-double of 31 points and 13 rebounds. Of course he led Barangay Ginebra to another comfortable win 101-87 over the lower-ranked Rain or Shine (#7, 3-3) being unquestionably team leader. This victory allowed Barangay Ginebra to move up to second position in the standings. His team's 5-2 record is not bad at all. Brownlee is a newcomer at Barangay Ginebra, but is already one of team's top players. He belongs to the best scorers in the league with 29.2ppg (#5). His other stats are also decent: 12.4rpg and 4.8apg. Former St.John's University star Brownlee is a former Eurobasket Summer League player, which is considered top international summer league in the market.
Third on the list of top players last round was American forward Allen Durham (198-F/C-88) of Meralco Bolts (#5). Durham got into 30-points club by scoring exactly 30 points in the last round. He went also for sixteen rebounds and seven assists. He was a key player of Meralco Bolts, leading his team to a 105-90 easy win against the lower-ranked Blackwater (#12, 1-6). Meralco Bolts needs these victories very badly if they think about getting closer to top teams. Their record at this point is 4 victories and 3 lost games. Durham has a great season in Philippines. After only 6 games, he made it on the list of the league's leaders in points with 31.0ppg (3rd best), rebounds with 14.8rpg (4th best) and assists with 5.8apg (4th best). He also has 1.8bpg and FGP: 57.8%. Durham attended one of camps at Eurobasket Summer League on his way to pro basketball.
Other top performing players last week: 4. Arizona Reid (196-F-86) of San Miguel Beermen - 41 points and 15 rebounds 5. Henry Walker (198-G/F-87) of NLEX RW - 39 points and 13 rebounds 6. James White (203-F-93) of Mahindra E. - 23 points, 19 rebounds and 3 assists 7. Joel Wright (201-F-90) of Purefoods Star - 30 points and 22 rebounds 8. Mychal Ammons (198-F-92) of Talk N Text - 22 points, 18 rebounds and 3 assists 9. Arthur Dela Cruz) of Blackwater - 23 points, 4 rebounds and 2 assists 10. LaDontae Henton (198-F-92) of Alaska Aces - 27 points, 9 rebounds and 2 assists
The Player of the week is chosen based on efficiency calculation, but also including game result, importance of the game, if played recorded double-double/triple-double, etc. The efficiency formula is a combination of various formulas used by different basketball organizations/leagues. We got involved many basketball scouts and journalists to assure it's accuracy. The formula: 1.5*PTS + 3* (REB+AST+ST+BL-TO) - 2*BSAG - 4*PF + 3*PFRV + 4* (2FGPM+3FGPM) + 1.5*FTM - 3* (2FGPA-2FGPM) - 3* (3FGPA-3FGPM) - (FTA-FTM)
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