This article has been generously shared with the Coach's Clipboard by Coach Joao da Costa (JC) who played professional basketball in Europe. He subsequently moved to the United States to expand his knowledge of the game and train to be a basketball coach, and now lives in Seattle, Washington. Coach JC started his coaching career in the United States and coached in the Seattle area before going on the road to develop his coaching techniques. Coach JC has participated in practices and observed the coaching techniques of some of the best NCAA Coaches in the country: Coach Mike Krzyzewski , Coach Roy Williams , Coach Eddie Sutton , Coach Hubie Brown , Coach Tom Newell , Coach Bob Bender ... just to name a few. Coach JC has been coaching in USA for several years, ABA, WBA, ProAm as well as internationally, and has conducted coaches clinics and basketball camps around the World. He has been a featured guest speaker on both the national and international level. You can visit Coach JC's web-site at http://www.jcbasketballhoops.com.
For illustrations of the defensive plays featured in this article, you can visit http://www.coachesclipboard.net/mobile/BasketballDefensePicknRoll.html for the image demonstrations of each.
Basketball Defense - Defending the Pick and Roll by Coach Joao da Costa
Defending the Pick and Roll
Always try to disrupt the offense. Pressuring the ball makes dribbling and passing more difficult, and increases the chances of an offensive mistake. To defend the pick and roll at the wing or centerfield, here are some tactics:
* Trap the dribbler and go over the screen. * Hard show and go over. * Pinch, squeeze, or push up and under or through. * Trap and aggressively switch the rescreen. * Show and go under. * Stop the dribbler and go over. * Jump out to stop the ball and go through. * Hug the screener and go under. * Jump and trap the dribbler early before the screen can be set. * Defend the roll man with a big-to-big rotation. Note: On the weak side make sure to cover the top, elbow, and box. * Switch pick and roll - you can always switch equal size players. * Short-clock situations - switch regardless of size.
I think the most difficult play to defend in all of basketball is the Pick and Roll. Here are some options to defend against the Pick and Roll.
High Pick And Roll (Quick Slip)
X5 zone up. X1 fights over the screen. 01 dribbles to the elbow for a shot or passes to 02 at wing. 05 rolls to the basket. Rotation: X5 helps and recovers then quickly picks up 05. Weakside players help and recover and stay with their individual opponents.
High Pick And Roll (Trap)
X1 and X5 trap 01. 01 reverses the ball to 05.
High Pick And Roll (Rotation)
05 reverse the ball to 01 and down screens for 03. X5 steps back and lets X3 go through the screen to assume a denial position against 03. X2 takes 02 at wing.
High Pick And Roll (Hug)
When 05 sets a screen for 01. X5 hugs 05 and allows X1 to cut behind him. The "HUG" is another option to help X1 get back quickly to 01.
High Pick And Roll (Step Back Get Through)
When 05 sets a screen for 01. X5 steps back and lets X1 to go through.
High Pick And Roll (Stop Penetration)
X1 fights over the screen. X4 zone up and stop 01 to go all the way to the basket. If 04 rolls to the basket X4 takes him. X5 stays with 05. X3 goes over the screen to deny the ball.
High Pick And Roll (Re-Screen)
Step 1 X1 goes over the screen. X5 hedges and recovers.
Step 2 X5 steps back. X1 goes under the screen.
Note: On the screen-rescreen the dribbler's defender goes over the first screen. On the rescreen he goes under. Typically the second screen is solid, so X5 zones up and plays centerfield to prevent 05 from rolling to the basket and/or stops 01 from shooting or penetrating. Also X5 can trap 01 with X1.
High Pick And Roll (Trap and Reverse Pass)
Step 1 X1 goes over the screen. X4 stops 01 at elbow.
Step 2 Rotation: 01 reverses the ball to 04. 04 is an excellent shooter. X4 rotates to 04 and contests the shot. X1 stays with 01 by denying the pass. Players X2 and X3 assume a pass denial against 02 and 03.
High Pick And Roll (Shooter and Trap)
Step 1 01 is a good shooter. X1 fights over the screen and traps 01 with X4. 04 rolls to the basket and X5 rotates to pick up 04. 05 pops out.
High Pick And Roll (Shooter and Rotation)
Step 2 01 passes to 05. X4 closes out against 05. X2 assumes a pass denial against 02.
High Pick And Roll (Transition Offense)
Step 1 Player 04 inbounds the ball to 01. 01 dribbles up the court and passes to 03 at wing then cuts to the ballside corner. 04 screens for 01.
Step 2 04 sets a pick for 01. X1 goes over the screen. 03 reverse pass to 01 at top of the key. Quickly, 05 comes out to ball screen for 01.
Note: 01 likes to penetrate to the basket.
Step 3 01 goes all the way to the basket. X1 fights over the screen. X5 follows 01 to the basket to block the shot. X2 helps and recovers to 02. X4 assumes a pass denial against 04.
High Pick And Roll (Transition Offense Top)
Step 1 05 inbounds the ball to 01. 01 advances up the court. 05 ball-screens for 01 at top of the key. X1 goes under the screen. X4 zones up.
High Pick And Roll (Transition Offense Ball Screen)
Step 2 01 reverses the ball to 05 at top of the key. 05 passes to 03 then ball screens 03 and rolls to the wing. 03 drives to the elbow for a shot. X5 closes-out against 03 to contest the shot. X3 takes 05.
High Pick And Roll (Last Seconds of the Game) X1 must go over the screen to prevent 01 from shooting or penetrating. X5 zones up to stop 01 and if 05 rolls to the basket X5 quickly takes 05. X2 and X3 stay with their opponents by denying the ball.
Note: When the clock is running out, you can switch regardless of size or trap.
Wing Pick And Roll (Dive) X1 goes over the screen. X5 hedge and recovers and rotates against 04. X4 takes 05.
Wing Pick And Roll (Slip Follow) 05 back-screens 01 and rolls to the basket. X5 takes 05. X1 goes over the screen. X2 shows and recovers against 01.
Wing Pick And Roll (Fade) 05 ball screens for 01 and fades toward the ballside wing. X1 goes over the screen. X5 hedge and recovers against 05.
Wing Pick And Roll (Switch)
Step 1 05 sets a solid screen against X1. 01 dribbles over the top. X5 switches with X1 and pushes 01 uphill.
Note: Communication is a must in this situation, X5 has to shout saying "Switch".
Step 2 X5 switches again by taking 05 and X1 back to 01.
Note: Make sure that X5 pushes 01 away from the three point line to switch with X1.
Wing Pick And Roll (Drive)
04 back screens X2 and rolls into the lane. X5 rotates to 04 and X4 stops 02 from going to the basket.
Wing Pick And Roll (Trap Corner)
05 back-screens for 01 and rolls to the basket. X4 rotates to 05. X3 takes 04. X2 drops to the middle of the box guarding 02 and 03. X1 and X5 trap 01 at corner.
Wing Pick And Roll (Pop Out)
05 back screens for 1 and pops out to the ballside wing. 01 passes to 05. X2 closes out to 05. X3 moves to the top of the key.
Wing Pick And Roll (Pass Release)
Rotation:X2 closes out on the pass release against 05. X5 takes 05. X3 closes out on 03. X4 fronts 04 at low post.
Wing Pick And Roll (Transition Offense Switch)
Step 1 04 sets a pick against X5. X4 switches with X5 and takes 05.
Step 2 X1 goes over the screen and pushes 01 up the hill. X4 takes 05. X5 takes 04 inside the box.
Fajardo's double-double lands him Player of the Week award - 2 hours ago
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27-year old center June Mar Fajardo (210-C-89) put on an extraordinary performance in the last round for SM Beermen and receives a Asia-basket.com Player of the Week award for round 3.
He had a double-double of 23 points and 22 rebounds, while his team beat Alaska Aces (#10, 0-2), the league's bottom-ranked team 93-88. SM Beermen is placed at 5th position in Filipino league. They would have been even better if they hadn't lost that single game earlier this season. SM Beermen will need mo... [read more]
27-year old center June Mar Fajardo (210-C-89) put on an extraordinary performance in the last round for SM Beermen and receives a Asia-basket.com Player of the Week award for round 3. He had a double-double of 23 points and 22 rebounds, while his team beat Alaska Aces (#10, 0-2), the league's bottom-ranked team 93-88. SM Beermen is placed at 5th position in Filipino league. They would have been even better if they hadn't lost that single game earlier this season. SM Beermen will need more victories to improve their 2-1 record. Fajardo has many years of experience at SM Beermen, through which he has constantly improved. Fajardo has impressive league stats. He is in league's top in points (3rd best: 22.0ppg) and averages solid 57.6% FGP.
Second best performed player last round was Chris Newsome (187-G) of Meralco Bolts. He is a guard in his 2nd season at Meralco Bolts. In the last game Newsome recorded impressive double-double of 28 points and 10 rebounds. Of course he led Meralco Bolts to another comfortable win 106-93 over NLEX RW (1-1) being unquestionably team leader. The season is still at the very beginning and this victory may help a lot. Let's wait for the next round. Newsome is well-known at Meralco Bolts and he already established his position as one of the team's leaders.
Third place about best performers goes to center Jean Marc Pingris (193-C-81) of Star Hotshots (#11). Pingris scored 19 points and grabbed ten rebounds. Despite Pingris' great performance Star Hotshots lost 84-91 to Globalport (#1, 2-0). But his team cannot count on just a single player as he also needs help of the other teammates. Star Hotshots can only dream about fighting for top spots in the league. They have awful season losing so far all 2 games. Pingris has a very solid season. In 2 games in Philippines he scored 13.0ppg.
Other top performing players last week: 4. Stanley Pringle (184-PG-87) of Globalport - 24 points, 3 rebounds and 2 assists 5. Japeth Aguilar (206-C-85) of B.Ginebra - 23 points and 13 rebounds 6. Eduardo Daquioag (180-G-91) of Meralco Bolts - 23 points, 4 rebounds and 3 assists 7. Ranidel deOcampo (197-F-81) of TNT Ka Tropa - 15 points, 8 rebounds and 4 assists 8. JC Intal (193-C-83) of Phoenix - 24 points, 7 rebounds and 4 assists 9. Jayvee Casio (178-PG-86) of Alaska Aces - 20 points, 5 rebounds and 4 assists 10. Prince Caperal (197-PF-93) of Phoenix - 12 points and 17 rebounds
The Player of the week is chosen based on efficiency calculation, but also including game result, importance of the game, if played recorded double-double/triple-double, etc. The efficiency formula is a combination of various formulas used by different basketball organizations/leagues. We got involved many basketball scouts and journalists to assure it's accuracy. The formula: 1.5*PTS + 3* (REB+AST+ST+BL-TO) - 2*BSAG - 4*PF + 3*PFRV + 4* (2FGPM+3FGPM) + 1.5*FTM - 3* (2FGPA-2FGPM) - 3* (3FGPA-3FGPM) - (FTA-FTM)
Action in the 2016-2017 PBA Philippine Cup remained hot this weekend with Meralco downing NLEX, SMB surviving Alaska, Phoenix tripping Mahindra, and Ginebra handing ROS its first loss. Game Capsules (adapted from Interaksyon): MERALCO BOLTS over NLEX ROAD WARRIORS, 106-93 Chris Newsome and rookie Ed Daquioag led a big Meralco breakaway in the fourth quarter as the Bolts trumped the NLEX Road Warriors, 106-93, in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Saturday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum. Ne... [read more]
Action in the 2016-2017 PBA Philippine Cup remained hot this weekend with Meralco downing NLEX, SMB surviving Alaska, Phoenix tripping Mahindra, and Ginebra handing ROS its first loss.
Game Capsules (adapted from Interaksyon):
MERALCO BOLTS over NLEX ROAD WARRIORS, 106-93 Chris Newsome and rookie Ed Daquioag led a big Meralco breakaway in the fourth quarter as the Bolts trumped the NLEX Road Warriors, 106-93, in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Saturday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum.
Newsome and Daquioag each scored 10 points in the fourth period, where Meralco went on a decisive 24-5 run to turn a tight contest into a rout.
That run included a string of 11 unanswered points, capped by a big three-pointer from Daquioag with 46 seconds left that pushed the lead up to 16 points, 103-87.
Newsome finished with 28 points, 10 rebounds and five assists while Daquioag added 23 points, four boards and three assists in the win, Meralco's first in two Philippine Cup games.
NLEX coach Yeng Guiao's squad had six players in double figures scoring, led by Sean Anthony with 15 points and eight rebounds.
Lines of the Game: Chris Newsome (MER) - 28pts, 10rebs, 5asts, 2stls, 2 triples. Sean Anthony (NLX) - 15pts, 8rebs, 2asts, 2blks, 1stl.
SAN MIGUEL BEERMEN over ALASKA ACES, 93-88 June Mar Fajardo and the San Miguel Beermen did just enough to get past an admirable stand from a depleted Alaska Aces squad, 92-88, to score get back on the winning track in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Saturday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum.
Alaska missed the services of Calvin Abueva and Sonny Thoss due to injuries while Vic Manuel and Ping Exciminiano sat out on team suspensions for playing in an unsanctioned event.
But that didn't stop the gutsy Aces from taking leads of as high as 15 points in the first half before San Miguel stormed back in the second half to secure the win.
Fajardo dominated for 23 points - 17 of those in the second half - and 22 rebounds as he towed his Beermen to a second win in three games.
Arwind Santos added 16 points, including a clutch jumper that tied the game in the final minute, and eight rebounds while Marcio Lassiter added 14 markers. RR Garcia, meanwhile, chipped in with 13 from off the Beermen bench.
Lines of the Game: June Mar Fajardo (SMB) - 23pts, 22rebs, 1ast, 1blk. JV Casio (ALA) - 20pts, 5rebs, 4asts, 2stls, 3 triples.
PHOENIX FUEL MASTERS over MAHINDRA FLOODBUSTER, 114-104 JC Intal and Matthew Wright waxed hot from downtown to propel the Phoenix Fuel Masters to a 114-104 victory over the lowly Mahindra Floodbuster in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup Sunday at Mall of Asia Arena.
Intal led all scorers with 24 points, seven rebounds and four assists off the bench while Wright followed it up with 21 points, four rebounds and four assists to lead the Fuel Masters (2-1) to their second straight win.
The two combined for 11 triples, six of which they hit in the first quarter where Phoenix began to run away before Mahindra gave them a very late scare.
Alex Mallari scored 19 points while Philip Paniamogan scored all of his 15 points in the first half for Mahindra. Ryan Arana and Joseph Eriobu added 12 markers apiece for Mahindra (0-3), which lost its first three games by an average margin of 18 points.
Lines of the Game: JC Intal (PHX) - 24pts, 7rebs, 4asts, 2blks, 6 triples. Alex Mallari (MAH) - 19pts, 4rebs, 2asts, 1stl, 2 triples.
BGY. GINEBRA GIN KINGS over RAIN OR SHINE ELASTO-PAINTERS, 81-74 Barangay Ginebra San Miguel launched a big 11-0 run in the fourth quarter to stifle the Rain or Shine Elasto Painters, 81-74, and pick up their first win in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Sunday at Mall of Asia Arena.
Japeth Aguilar tallied 23 points and 13 boards to lead Ginebra (1-1) which spoiled the bid of Rain or Shine (2-1) for a 3-0 start.
Down by four, 74-70, with 4:08 remaining, Ginebra woke up starting with Aguilar's two free throws. Sol Mercado tied the score at 74-all on a jumper with 3:01 left.
Joe Devance then surprised his defender with a quick jumper, then Aguilar followed it with his own basket to give Ginebra a 78-74 lead with 1:05 left.
Devance added 13 points and eight boards for Ginebra which won the game despite missing all of its 14 three-point attempts.
Raymond Almazan scored 13 points while Yap chipped in 10 markers for Rain or Shine in the losing effort.
Lines of the Game: Japeth Aguilar (GIN) - 23pts, 13rebs, 1ast, 1blk. Raymond Almazan (ROS) - 13pts, 15rebs, 1blk.
The 2016-2017 PBA Philippine Cup continued to heat up this week. Phoenix had a big upset win over SMB last Wednesday, while Rain or Shine also throttled past Mahindra. Just last night, it was GlobalPort who prevailed over Star even as TNT handed Blackwater its first loss of the season. Game Capsules (adapted from Interaksyon): PHOENIX FUEL MASTERS over SAN MIGUEL BEERMEN, 92-85 The Phoenix Fuel Masters got a big game from JC Intal plus some key contributions from Simon Enciso and a few... [read more]
The 2016-2017 PBA Philippine Cup continued to heat up this week. Phoenix had a big upset win over SMB last Wednesday, while Rain or Shine also throttled past Mahindra. Just last night, it was GlobalPort who prevailed over Star even as TNT handed Blackwater its first loss of the season.
Game Capsules (adapted from Interaksyon):
PHOENIX FUEL MASTERS over SAN MIGUEL BEERMEN, 92-85 The Phoenix Fuel Masters got a big game from JC Intal plus some key contributions from Simon Enciso and a few others as they picked up a big win over the San Miguel Beermen, 92-85, in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Wednesday at the Ynares Center.
Intal scored 22 points and made some clutch baskets while Enciso dominated in a red-hot stretch in the third quarter to finish with 15 points and nine assists.
Other strong performers included rookies Matthew Wright and Gelo Alolino, who scored 14 and 13 points respectively, and Willy Wilson, who only mustered six points but grabbed 18 big rebounds alongside four assists.
Reigning MVP June Mar Fajardo finished with 19 points and 24 rebounds to lead the Beermen.
Lines of the Game: Simon Enciso (PHX) - 15pts, 7rebs, 9asts, 5 triples. June Mar Fajardo (SMB) - 19pts, 24rebs.
RAIN OR SHINE ELASTO-PAINTERS over MAHINDRA FLOODBUSTER, 105-83 James Yap finally made his much-anticipated debut for the Rain or Shine Elasto Painters who put on an epic shooting display, pouring in a total of 18 three-pointers to drown the hapless Mahindra Floodbuster, 105-83, in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup Wednesday at Ynares Center in Antipolo.
Yap, who missed Rain or Shine's season opener last week, contributed 10 points and achieved a career milestone by moving to fifth on the all-time three-pointers made list in his first game since being traded by his former long-time squad Star Hotshots in a blockbuster deal during the off-season.
Jericho Cruz scored 14 of his 15 points in the first half, spiked by four triples, as well as three rebounds and four assists to lead Rain or Shine's balanced attack that saw 14 of its 15 players make at least one field goal.
Alex Mallari had a double-double of 10 points and 10 boards to lead Mahindra which dropped its second straight game. Philip Paniamogan also had 10 points, while rookie Russell Escoto grabbed eight boards along with his 10 markers.
Lines of the Game: Maverick Ahanmisi (ROS) - 14pts, 4rebs, 4asts, 1stl. Alex Mallari (MAH) - 10pts, 10rebs, 1stl.
GLOBALPORT BATANG PIER over STAR HOTSHOTS, 91-84 The GlobalPort Batang Pier leapt out to a huge lead in the first quarter and did enough to protect it the rest of the way as they beat the Star Hotshots, 91-84, in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Friday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum.
Stanley Pringle scored 24 points - 12 of those in a blistering first quarter for the Batang Pier - while Terrence Romeo added 18 points and eight assists, though he did have seven turnovers.
KG Canaleta added 12 markers and seven boards while JR Quinahan scored just six points but grabbed 10 rebounds and dished out four assists in a solid performance.
Marc Pingris and Aldrech Ramos paired up for 37 points to pace Star.
Lines of the Game: Stanley Pringle (GLO) - 24pts, 3rebs, 2asts, 2stls, 1blk. Marc Pingris (STA) - 19pts, 8rebs, 2asts, 2stls, 1blk.
TNT KA TROPA over BLACKWATER ELITE, 99-92 Jayson Castro made a triumphant return for the TNT KaTropa as they slammed the erstwhile unbeaten Blackwater Elite, 99-92, for a second consecutive win in the Oppo PBA Philippine Cup on Friday at the SMART-Araneta Coliseum.
Mo Tautuaa and Castro each scored 20 points for TNT, which tied their victims in the standings at 2-1.
Tautuaa shot 8-for-12 from the field, including 2-for-3 from beyond the arc while Castro had five rebounds and five assists. Ranidel De Ocampo added 15 points, eight rebounds and four assists in a strong showing.
Blackwater's super rookie Mac Belo, who led them to two straight wins to open the season, finished with 21 points and nine rebounds for the Elite in the loss.
Lines of the Game: Jayson Castro (TNT) - 20pts, 5rebs, 5asts. Mac Belo (BLA) - 21pts, 9rebs, 2asts, 1stl.
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